Emission - means a release into the air, water or land, whether direct or indirect, originating from human activity, of:
a) substances,
b) energy, such like heat, noise, vibrations or electromagnetic fields;

Noise - means acoustic sounds, frequency ranging from 16 hertz up to 20 000 hertz,

Installation - means:
a) stationary technical facility;
b) a group of stationary technical facilities which are technologically linked together, being under management of the same entity, and located in the area of the same plant, which operation may cause emission;

Substantial change in the installation - means a change in the nature of the installation operation, or an expansion thereof, that might have caused an increase in adverse impact on the environment;

Reference methodology - means a measurement method, that is laid down under this Act, and that may include in particular the sample selection method, the method for interpretation of data obtained, as well as the methodologies for modeling substances and energy distribution within the environment;

The best available technique - means the most effective and advanced stage in the development of activities and their methods of operation which indicate the practical suitability of particular techniques for providing in principle the basis for limit values designed to prevent and, where that is not practicable, generally to reduce the impact on the environment as a whole, whereas the terms:

a) "technique" means both the technology used and the way in which the installation is designed, built, maintained, operated and decommissioned;

b) "available" techniques means those techniques developed on a scale which allows implementation in the relevant industrial sector, under economically and technically viable conditions, taking into consideration the costs and advantages, whether or not the techniques are used or produced inside the Party in question, as long as they are reasonably accessible to the operator;

c) "the best" technique means the most effective one in achieving a high protection level of the environment as a whole;

Environmental protection - means taking an action, or a relinquishment from an action, that facilitates preservation or restoration of natural balance; in particular, such protection shall be expressed as:
a) rational environmental development and managing environmental resources in conformity with the principle of sustainable development;
b) pollution control;
c) restoration of natural elements to their adequate condition;

Administrative authority - means:
a) ministers, central authorities of governmental administration, the Voivodes of provinces, the other local governmental (whether integrated or non-integrated) administrative authorities, who act on behalf thereof, or on behalf of their own, or the authorities of local self-governmental units;
b) the other entities, when they are appointed by virtue of law, or under agreements aimed at dealing with the public tasks in the field of environmental protection;

"daytime" and "night-time" mean the time intervals respectively from 06.00 to 22.00 o'clock - daytime, and from 22.00 to 06.00 o'clock - night-time;

Major accident - means an unexpected, emergency occurrence, in particular an emission, fire or explosion, originating in the course of industrial, storing or transportation process, where one or more hazardous substances occur, and that leads to immediate hazard to man and the environment, or to a delayed origination of such occurrence;

Major industrial accident - means major accident in a plant;
"substance level in the air" means concentration of a substance in the air in relation to fixed time-limits, or precipitation of such substance in relation to fixed both the time-limits and the area surface;

Product - means a substance, energy, installation, facility or any other thing, or part thereof, that is placed on market;

Installation operator - means the entity taking use of the environment, who manages installation or plant on his/her own behalf/account, and on the basis of legal title;

Natural balance - means the state, when an equilibrium exists in mutual interrelations between man, the components of live nature, and the system of habitat conditions as created by the components of non-live nature;

Emission standards - means the permissible emission quantities;

Environmental quality standard - means the quality standards for particular natural elements;

Substance - means chemical elements and their compounds, those occur within the environment, or those originating from human activity;

Hazardous substance - means one or more substances, mixtures thereof, one or more preparations, that given their chemical, biological or radiological properties may, in case of their inadequate handling, cause hazard to human life or health or to the environment; the hazardous substance may be a raw material, product, semi-product, waste, and also a substance originating in result of an accident;

Facility - means a non-stationary technical facility, including transportation means;

Emission quantity - means the substance or energy type and quantity released into the environment in definite time-limits, as well as the concentrations or levels of the substance or energy type, in particular in flue gases, sewage discharged, and waste generated;

Plant - means the area which comprise one or several installations, including all of the surrounding area, and the facilities located therein, that the installation operator possesses legal title to;

Pollution - means emission, that may be harmful to man and to environmental condition, and that may cause damage in material goods, deteriorate aesthetical value of the environment, or may interfere with the other rational modes of taking use of the environment;

Sustainable development - means such social and economic development which includes integration of political, economic and social activities in retaining both the natural balance and the sustainability of the basic natural processes - with the aim to balancing the chances to access the environment by particular communities or individuals - of both the contemporary and the future generations;


Ministry of the Environment, Department of the Environmental Protection Instruments
52/54 Wawelska Street, 00-922 Warsaw, tel. +48 22 5792314, fax +48 22 5792217